key features to look out for 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 The copper globe symbolises the earth. It is a leading mark for ships, helping them navigate into Portsmouth Harbour. Four bronze statues depict the ‘four winds’ above ships’ prows. Naval crown showing the sails and prows of wooden ships. Below is an anchor surrounded by a wreath: one half is laurel for victory, the other oak, reflecting the construction of ships in the age of sail. Bronze reliefs above the names depict the key actions and battles fought by the Royal Navy during the First World War. Four lions symbolise the British Empire. The Royal Navy played a key role in British imperial and military power in the early twentieth century. The names of the First World War dead are inscribed on bronze panels attached to the obelisk’s base. 2 7 8 The names of Second World War dead are inscribed on bronze panels attached to the surrounding walls. Four Portland stone statues of sailors guard the memorial. 3 5 4 6 7 8
PERSONAL STORIES Lieutenant-Commander Malcolm Wanklyn VC Lieutenant-Commander Malcolm Wanklyn VC commanded the Royal Navy submarine Upholder during the Second World War. Operating from Malta in the Mediterranean, he was one of the most outstanding submariners of the war. For his valour and relentless determination he received the Victoria Cross. Malcolm and the entire crew of Upholder disappeared while on patrol in April 1942. He was 30 years old. He is commemorated on Panel 61, Column 3. Royal Marine Frank Sturmey Soon after the Second World War began Frank Sturmey became a Royal Marine. He fought at Normandy, landing on Juno Beach on D-Day. As they neared the beach Frank and his comrades came under heavy German fire. He was injured during landing and taken to a hospital ship where he later died. He was buried at sea. Frank was 21 years old. He is commemorated on Panel 87 of the memorial.